Istanbul is always surprising. From Eminonu Square we walk to Karakoy and then climbed to Galata Tower. Galata (also known as Pera) was a colony of the Republic of Genoa between 1273 and 1453. The famous Galata Tower was built by the Genoese in 1348 at the northernmost and highest point of the medieval Genoese citadel. The name comes from the word Galat (meaning Celtic in Greek) as the Celtic tribe of Galatians were thought to have camped here during the Hellenistic period before settling into Galatia in central Anatolia. The inhabitants of Galatia are famous for the Epistle to the Galatians and the Dying Galatian statue. See Galata Tower too.