A tughra is a calligraphic seal or signature of an Ottoman sultan that was affixed to all official documents and correspondence. It was also carved on his seal and stamped on the coins minted during his reign.
Fausto Zonaro (Masi, 18 September 1854 - Sanremo, 19 July 1929) was an Italian painter. He was the first of six children of Mauritius Zonaro, bricklayer, and Elizabeth Bertoncini. He was talented as a child. He studied in the Technical Institute of Lendinara City and then at Verona, at the Academy Cignaroli directed by Napoleon Nani.
Then he opened a small school of painting in Venice, but his work also frequently leaded him to go to Naples. Among the most important achievements of this period, particular emphasis has a cycle of about thirty batter with views of Naples and its surroundings for the villa of the Duke Paolo Camerini, now Villa Simes-Contarini in Piazzola sul Brenta.
The turning point in the career of Fausto Zonaro happens in 1891 when he and Elizabeth Pante, his ex-students in Venice and became his girlfriend, decides to venture into the East, Istanbul, Constantinople then.
In Istanbul, little by little can be known in aristocratic circles, received orders increasingly…